Monday, July 05, 2004

Atasi Segera Kebakaran Hutan

Oleh Wicaksono untuk Koran Tempo

Bencana kebakaran hutan datang lagi di musim kering tahun ini. Asapnya menutup pandangan dan mengganggu kesehatan di sejumlah daerah. Di Riau, misalnya, asap kebakaran membuat sejumlah penerbangan dihentikan. Warga diimbau tak keluar rumah bila tak ada kepentingan mendesak supaya terhindar dari infeksi saluran pernapasan atas. Asap akibat kebakaran hutan di Indonesia juga terbang dan menurunkan derajat kesehatan lingkungan negeri tetangga, Singapura dan Malaysia.

Kebakaran hutan adalah bencana yang terjadi setiap tahun, khususnya pada musim kering. Kebakaran yang cukup besar pernah terjadi di Kalimantan Timur pada 1982/1983. Waktu itu sekitar 3,5 juta hektare hutan hangus. Ini rekor terbesar kebakaran hutan dunia setelah kebakaran hutan di Brasil yang mencapai 2 juta hektare pada 1963. Rekor dipecahkan oleh kebakaran di beberapa wilayah Indonesia pada 1997/1998 yang melalap 11,7 juta hektare hutan.

Bencana itu terus berlangsung setiap tahun, meskipun luas areal yang terbakar dan kerugian yang ditimbulkannya relatif kecil dan umumnya tidak terdokumentasi dengan baik. Data dari Direktorat Jenderal Perlindungan Hutan dan Konservasi Alam menunjukkan bahwa kebakaran hutan yang terjadi tiap tahun sejak 1998 hingga 2002 tercatat berkisar antara 3.000 hektare dan 515 ribu hektare. Karena itu, kebakaran hutan tetap merupakan isu lingkungan yang penting.

Selain karena faktor alamiah, sudah jamak diketahui bahwa penyebab utama kebakaran hutan adalah kegiatan manusia, di antaranya sistem perladangan tradisional dari penduduk setempat yang berpindah-pindah, yang menggunakan metode pembakaran untuk membuka lahan. Namun, pembukaan lahan untuk perladangan tersebut umumnya sangat terbatas dan terkendali, karena telah mengikuti aturan turun-temurun.

Kebakaran yang lebih luas sangat mungkin terjadi karena kegiatan perladangan yang sebenarnya hanya kedok dari penebang liar yang memanfaatkan hak pengusahaan hutan (HPH) dan berada di kawasan HPH. Mereka bisa dari kalangan pemegang HPH untuk industri kayu maupun perkebunan kelapa sawit.

Mereka melakukan pembukaan lahan dengan cara membakar semata berdasarkan pertimbangan ekonomis: cepat, murah, dan praktis. Selain itu, perkebunan besar melakukan pembakaran lahan untuk menaikkan derajat keasaman (pH) tanah. Pada kasus Riau, pembakaran hutan dilakukan karena pada umumnya tanahnya bergambut dengan pH 3-4 dan tidak cocok untuk ditanami kelapa sawit.

Celakanya, pemakaian metode itu sering berakibat kebakaran tidak hanya terbatas pada areal yang disiapkan untuk pengembangan tanaman industri atau perkebunan, tetapi meluas ke hutan lindung, hutan produksi, dan lahan lainnya. Karena itulah, sudah sepantasnya bila mereka dituding sebagai biang keladi kebakaran hutan.

Untuk itu, pemerintah pusat maupun daerah sebaiknya langsung mengambil tindakan yang nyata dan segera terhadap mereka, mumpung kebakaran hutan tahun ini belum begitu meluas. Jangan setengah-setengah, apalagi main mata dengan mereka.

Beberapa upaya nyata yang bisa dilakukan, antara lain melarang dengan tegas metode pembakaran dalam land clearing, mencabut izin usaha perusahaan yang melakukan pembakaran dalam pembukaan lahan. Hukum para penjahat lingkungan secara proporsional.

Jangan lupa, jatuhkan denda yang besar bagi perusahaan yang terbukti melakukan pembakaran. Uang denda ini bisa dipakai untuk memadamkan api. Bagi masyarakat yang menjadi korban asap, pemerintah perlu membuka posko kesehatan di setiap kecamatan dan menyediakan pengobatan gratis. ***


8 comments:

Anonymous said...

[color=red]The Most Affordable XRUMER/BACKLINK SERVICE Online!
The EFFORTLESS and POWERFUL WAY TO BUILD MASSIVE # OF BACKLINKS
[color=black]
200,000 BLASTS of your URLs+ Anchor Tex, message, pictures (can be spinned) etc
$10 USD (shared with other clients like a carpool), or
$25/200k for exclusive!(you control EVERYTHING)
$50 Exclusive @ 500,000 blasts.
(Complete reports will be given to clients)

[IMG]http://img697.imageshack.us/img697/1540/arrowdownh.gif[/IMG]
For orders, questions or concerns? Email: [u]formless.void47 at gmail.com [/u]
Note:
1. For STRICT Whitehat sites, it is advised to create buffers to pass on linkjuice. i.e. social bookmarks, cloaked pages etc.
You can blast the site directly, but it entails risk.
Using buffers are 100% safe, speaking from experience.
2. Xrumer is a very technical tool. Just describe to me what sorts of effects you want and well make it happen!
If you want to buy Xrumer?
>>>>> http://cloakedlink.com/chzgykebsd <<<<<<

[color=black]
-------
CLIENT 2 SAMPLE SPACE FILLED WITH URLs,Pics and Keywords
seo agency manchester check google rank seo directory list optimizing seo add link seo studio seo louisville seo rates seo cornwall latest seo seo elite trial seo jobs in delhi submitexpress seo blog seo jobs uk seo reports seo blogging software search engine optimization service Xrumer Recaptcha search engine optimizer Buy High Pr Link Buy Pr5 Links seo marketing buy back link affordable organic seo seo backlinks top seo company search engine promotion seo link analysis seo instruction ppc management buy cuban link seo consultants directory seo training london seo search engines seo optomization seo serp seo ranking buy antibiotics buy on line seo lancashire ethical seo company Xrumer Review xrumer service seo code xrumer forums google maps seo seo marketing agency text link ads top 10 seo tips

-----
CLIENT 3 SAMPLE SPACE
[url=http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/human-body-growth-development]human body growth development[/url] http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/human-body-growth-development

[url=http://herpescures.co.cc/drugs/Herpes-Transmission-Risk-Genital-Herpes-Picture-Herpes-Zoster-Eye.html]herpes transmission risk genital herpes picture herpes zoster eye[/url]

http://albinorhinobuds4.wordpress.com/2009/12/01/buy-ne146-bud-reviews-buy-diablo-smoke-reviews-buy-albino-rhino-bud-reviews/ Buy NE146 Bud reviews Buy Diablo Smoke reviews Buy Albino Rhino Bud reviews

http://www.bmaccess.net/url/how-to-survive-county-jail-how-to-get-probation-reduced-how-to-get-probation-how-to-get-parole-1839816.htm


-----
CLIENT 4 SAMPLE SPACE
[url=http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/growing-flowers]growing flowers[/url] http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/growing-flowers

[url=http://growyourdick.co.cc/penile/working-male-enhancement]working male enhancement[/url] http://growyourdick.co.cc/penile/working-male-enhancement

http://www.fragrance-direct.info/Purchase-Cheapest-Genuine-Fragrance-Spray-Discounts-Online-Website-Sale-Buy-Best-Authentic-Fcuk.html

http://buycheapplasmatv.info/cgi-bin/index.pl?=42-plasma-tv-wall-mount [url=http://buycheapplasmatv.info/cgi-bin/index.pl?=42-plasma-tv-wall-mount]42 plasma tv wall mount[/url]

[url=http://teethwhiteningstripsreviews.info/xr/Winkler]North Yorkshire Nowra Chester teeth whitening kent Nelson alexandria teeth whitening tooth whnitening Milwaukee tooth whiteing teeth whitening melbourne[/url]

-----
CLIENT 5 SAMPLE SPACE
[url=http://cheapxrumerservice.co.cc]Cheap Xrumer Service[/url]
[url=http://cheapxrumerservice.co.cc]Cheapest Xrumer Service[/url]
[url=http://cheapxrumerservice.co.cc]Best Xrumer Service[/url]
--------
http://buypleodinosaur.livejournal.com/data/rss

http://cheaphdtvplasma.co.cc/television/black-friday-hdtv-deals-2008 [url=http://cheaphdtvplasma.co.cc/television/black-friday-hdtv-deals-2008]black friday hdtv deals 2008[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://kfarbair.com][img]http://www.kfarbair.com/_images/_photos/photo_big7.jpg[/img][/url]

מלון [url=http://www.kfarbair.com]כפר בעיר[/url] - [url=http://www.kfarbair.com/about.html]חדרים[/url] גדולים אנחנו מציעים שירותי אירוח מיוחדים כמו כן ישנו במקום שירות חדרים הכולל [url=http://www.kfarbair.com/eng/index.html]ארוחות רומנטיות[/url] במחירים מפתיעים אשר מוגשות ישירות לחדרכם.

לפרטים נוספים נא לפנות לאתרנו - [url=http://kfarbair.com]כפר בעיר[/url] [url=http://www.kfarbair.com/contact.html][img]http://www.kfarbair.com/_images/apixel.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

[u][b]Xrumer[/b][/u]

[b]Xrumer SEO Professionals

As Xrumer experts, we secure been using [url=http://www.xrumer-seo.com]Xrumer[/url] for a long immediately things being what they are and remember how to harness the colossal power of Xrumer and go off it into a Cash machine.

We also purvey the cheapest prices on the market. Assorted competitors desire charge 2x or temperate 3x and a a pile of the continuously 5x what we charge you. But we maintain in providing prominent accommodation at a low affordable rate. The entire point of purchasing Xrumer blasts is because it is a cheaper surrogate to buying Xrumer. So we aim to abide by that thought in mind and outfit you with the cheapest grade possible.

Not just do we take the best prices but our turnaround heyday after your Xrumer posting is super fast. We drive take your posting done before you certain it.

We also cater you with a ample log of loaded posts on contrary forums. So that you can get the idea over the extent of yourself the power of Xrumer and how we have harnessed it to help your site.[/b]


[b]Search Engine Optimization

Using Xrumer you can think to apprehend thousands upon thousands of backlinks exchange for your site. Tons of the forums that your Location you settle upon be posted on have exalted PageRank. Having your join on these sites can really mitigate found up some top quality endorse links and uncommonly aid your Alexa Rating and Google PageRank rating utterly the roof.

This is making your site more and more popular. And with this developing in popularity as superbly as PageRank you can keep in view to see your site really rank high-pitched in those Search Motor Results.
Conveyance

The amount of traffic that can be obtained nearby harnessing the power of Xrumer is enormous. You are publishing your plat to tens of thousands of forums. With our higher packages you may equivalent be publishing your locale to HUNDREDS of THOUSANDS of forums. Create 1 mail on a popular forum will almost always get 1000 or so views, with communicate 100 of those people visiting your site. At once imagine tens of thousands of posts on fashionable forums all getting 1000 views each. Your shipping will go because of the roof.

These are all targeted visitors that are interested or curious about your site. Envision how innumerable sales or leads you can execute with this titanic loads of targeted visitors. You are line for line stumbling upon a goldmine ready to be picked and profited from.

Retain, Shipping is Money.
[/b]

BECOME ENTHUSIASTIC ABOUT YOUR CHEAPLY ERUPTION TODAY:


http://www.xrumer-seo.com

Anonymous said...

Predilection casinos? enquiry this hot [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com]casino[/url] pull and wing it denigrate online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at www.realcazinoz.com .
you can also into our chic [url=http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com]casino[/url] tackle at http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com and astonish frank tangled erect of the sphere !
another late-model [url=http://www.ttittancasino.com]casino spiele[/url] purlieus is www.ttittancasino.com , pro german gamblers, conceive unrestrained online casino bonus.

Anonymous said...

Someone deleted several links from badongo and mediafire servers.

From now, we will use www.tinyurlalternative.com as our main [url=http://www.tinyurlalternative.com]url shortener[/url], so every url will be there and visible for everyone.

You can choose from many great [url=http://kfc.ms]short url[/url] names like:

kfc.ms easysharelink.info jumpme.info megauploadlink.info megavideolink.info mygamelink.info myrapidsharelink.info mytorrentlink.info myurlshortener.com mywarezlink.info urlredirect.info urlshrinker.info weblinkshortener.com youtubelink.info and many others.

They maintain above 60 other ready domains and the [url=http://myurlshortener.com]url shortener[/url] service work properly for free without any registration needed.

So we think it is good idea and propose you to use [url=http://urlredirect.info]url redirect[/url] service too!

Thank you.

Anonymous said...

Making money on the internet is easy in the hush-hush world of [URL=http://www.www.blackhatmoneymaker.com]blackhat training[/URL], You are far from alone if you don't know what blackhat is. Blackhat marketing uses not-so-popular or little-understood methods to generate an income online.

Anonymous said...

If you want to have the highest chances of winning, you surely need to have a good guide to football betting. Most of these guides come with methods that can help you determine the ‘would be’ winning team by gambling on the online bookmakers. Such guides also offers software to make your betting needs much easier. In addition it is also seen that some soccer betting guides also assist bettors, maintaining a track of their bids. nfl betting baseball betting basketball betting boxing betting cricket betting darts betting football betting golf betting handball betting hockey betting rugby betting snooker betting tennis betting An online sportsbook is a site where patrons can bet on different sports competitions including golf, football, basketball, baseball, hockey, soccer, horse racing, boxing, and just about any other sport you can think of. The method of betting differs with the sport and the type of the game being played. In the United States there are about 150 legal sportsbooks that are situated in Nevada. Betting on sports is fully legal in many countries and it is well known with people who like to gamble. [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/American-Football]nfl betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Baseball-betting]baseball betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Basketball-betting]basketball betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Boxing-betting]boxing betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Cricket-betting]cricket betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Darts-betting]darts betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Football-betting]football betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Golf-betting]golf betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Handball-betting]handball betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Hockey-betting]hockey betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Rugby-betting]rugby betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Snooker-betting]snooker betting[/url] [url=http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Tennis-betting]tennis betting[/url] Always remember that while betting whatever amount of bets you have placed cannot be changed afterwards. Therefore, it is essential that to place bets with complete understanding and thinking. So are you perplexed? Just search you best football tips, Bookmaker reviews, free betting tips and earn hefty profits. http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/American-Football http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Baseball-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Basketball-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Boxing-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Cricket-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Darts-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Football-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Golf-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Handball-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Hockey-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Rugby-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Snooker-betting http://www.pulsebet.com/betting/Tennis-betting

Anonymous said...

Hi,

I begin on internet with a directory